Macedonia has always been an attractive location for settlers. There are traces of the earliest human communities. Some of the earliest buildings of architecture can be found on the localities Tumba, Mogila and Chuka.
The arrival of St.Clement of Ohrid to Macedonia marks the beginning of a new period of art in this region. The history of art in these areas represents history of ecclesiatical art. The influence of the Byzantine art is tremendous, although the works of art from the time of St. Clement and Czar Samuel are exceptional. The construction of the church “Hagia Sophia” in Constantinople had significant influence on the establishment of criteria regarding the construction of places of worship in the areas where the orthodox Church prevailed.
In the period. when Macedonia fell under the Ottoman Empire and Ottoman reign, the architecture in Macedonia was under huge influence imposed by the islamic architecture. This is witnessed by numerous buildings which are remains of that period, such as Turkish baths, mosques, hamams, bezistens, bazaars, etc.
The most magnificent works of urban architecture in the Republic of Macedonia are the ones constructed at the end of the 18th and 19th century. At that period the towns and cities in the Republic of Macedonia obtained architectonic appearance which they preserved in the 20th century as well.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Macedonian architecture underwent diverse architectonic influences. In the course of the 1940’s and especially following the Second World War, Macedonia pursued the contemporary architecture trends.
All the icon painters who worked in Macedonia in the second half of the nineteenth century were of Macedonian origin. The most prominent of them was the icon painter Dicho ( Dimitar Krstev ) from the village in the area of Debar.
The national dresses in Macedonia have a century-long tradition. They are a constituent part of the culture of the Macedonian people. Created as a collective gain of the entire Macedonian nation, they have been conveyed from generation to generation and along the developmental process they have incorporated numerous elements of the diverse cultural influences which crisscrossed in this part of the Balkans.